INFORMATION ABOUT WOOL
Wool Organic fibers in the appearance of soft curly bristles that cover the bodies of pets that eat grass like sheep, goats, camels. Protecting animals from rain, cold and physical conditions, wool also meets people's clothing, exhibitions and other household needs. 9% of the fiber used in textiles and textiles is wool. The rest is synthetically derived from petroleum. Wool fiber is a kind of protein called keratin, which occurs when 5 to 12 thinner fibers are adjacent to each other from the epidermis. There are fat and sweat glands at the bottom of the wool fibers. There is between 4000 and 10,000 feathers in the skin of a sheep. The number of fibers forming the feather varies according to the type of sheep and the body area. There are 20 million to 126 million feathers on an adult merino's skin. The thinner the wool fibers, the more curly.
A wool fiber carries a load of approximately 20 kilograms and can extend in length by 30%. The appearance of wool fibers in the microscope is a scaly like the skin of a crocodile. It does not transmit electricity and heat. It's a good moisture scavenger. When the wool is burned, ammonia emits gas and when the flame extinguishes, the wool also extinguishes immediately. This feature also indicates that it is fire resistant. Although wool is protein, hair hair, chicken hair and horn bone structure is not. The quality of the wool has to do with the age of the animal. Top quality wool is taken from animals that are two years old. In older animals, wool starts to harden. When wool is called sheep wool comes to mind.
Angora wool of Angora goat is also very valuable. Wool is taken from animals by the weather when the air starts to warm up. Shearing is done with special shears. A good worker can cut 100-150 sheep a day with a motorized scissors. One-fourth of the total amount of wool obtained on earth belongs to Australia. New Zealand comes after this. The animal species to obtain the curly wool in Turkey in Thrace; Karaman in Central Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia; In Bursa, Balıkesir, merino sheep and Ankara angora goats. Goat hair does not fall into the wool class. Dirty sheep wool that breaks in spring is called koyun fleece İlk. Since wool fibers are very thin, quality yarn is obtained from wool. It determines the quality of the wool, the fineness of the fibers and the size of the tensile strength. When the length of the yarn produced in certain thickness increases, it is understood that the wool is of good quality. The finest fibrous wool is found in merino sheep. These wool fibers are in thicknesses ranging from 16 microns to 50 microns. The wool on the shoulder heads of the animal is thinner. After the fleece has been cleaned of deterjan rough impurities Yap, it is washed with detergent. As a result of washing, fat substances such as potassium carbonate, sweat and lanolin are removed. The dried wool is separated into fibers in special combs. The fibers are passed through a funnel into a yarn, similar to cotton yarn making. Wool, quality and manufacturing methods according to the fabric, knitting rope, blanket, carpet, rugs are used in making. Wool is scanned in the villages of Anatolia and in some towns. It is dyed and used with natural dyes. The color sweaters, socks and gloves are the work of fine taste and eye-catching.